Funding and Cooperation for Innovation

Summary

Desirable R&D for Innovative Technologies and the Potential for International Cooperation

Session background and objectives

In recent years, R&D of innovative technologies is gaining in importance for drastically reducing GHG emissions in the long-term. Since the adoption of the Paris Agreement, not only intergovernmental but also private sector initiatives have expressed their intention to increase the investment in clean energy R&D.
In this session, possible international cooperation among developed countries on R&D of innovative technologies will be discussed based on recent experiences and developments on accelerating the innovation in clean energy.

Speakers

Carlo Carraro [Chair]

CV

Scientific Director, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei; President Emeritus, University of Venice; Vice Chair, IPCC WG III

Michal Kleiber

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Head of Computational Science & Engineering Dept. Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, PL

Abstract:

International cooperation in basic research and some good practices in the EU

The general situation regarding world-wide collaborative R&D is analysed and fast increase of different forms of cooperation involving representatives from more and more countries is indicated. The joint initiatives appear to be particularly frequent in the area of basic, or curiosity-driven research area. Next we briefly characterise the ideas and procedures which are typical of science cooperation support in the EU. We emphasize that all of them are open to countries from outside the Union. As one of the conclusions we state that all major global challenges should be used as a clear priority to be mainstreamed in the international policymaking.

Tom Autrey

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Staff Scientist, Physical Science Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Catalysis Science

Abstract:

Accelerating progress in research through international collaboration.

There is an opportunity to accelerate progress on developing scientifically rational approaches to reduce and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions (GGE) through international collaborative research teams with diverse skills and expertise. It is notable that this year, 2016, carbon dioxide emissions from vehicles have surpassed CO2 emissions from power plants. In this presentation we share examples of how international collaboration catalyzes impactful R&D and provide an outline for a new international collaboration with a focus on greening CO2 to make an impact on GGEs from vehicles. PNNL is operated by Battelle for the US DOE.

Akira Yabe

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Director General, Renewable Energy Unit, Energy System & Hydrogen Unit, Technology Strategy Center, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO)

Abstract:

NESTI 2050 and the R&D programs for innovative technologies in Japan --National Energy and Environment Strategy for Technological Innovation towards 2050--

The important energy strategy of Japan was “Sun-Shine Project”, where the cost reduction of photovoltaic module from 200$/W to 1$/W was successfully realized for 40 years. Then, the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation of Japan has just started the “NESTI 2050 Project” for meeting the “2ºC target” referred in COP21. For reducing the global GHG emissions to about 24 billion tons per year by 2050, it is essential to promote innovation for drastically reducing worldwide emissions by about 30 billion tons.
In NESTI 2050, the following target technology fields has been identified. (1)Energy System Integration Technologies with Core Technologies for Systems (Network ICT and Optimization by AI, big data & IoT with next generation Power Electronics, Innovative Sensors and Superconductivity.), (2)Production Process (Membrane Separation), (3)Structural Material (Ultralight), (4)Storage Battery (Metal-Air Batteries), (5)Hydrogen, (6)Photovoltaic, (7)Geo-Thermal (Supercritical Geo-thermal) and (8)Capture and Effective Usage of Carbon Dioxide.

Shane Kosinski

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Deputy Director for Operations for the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), U.S. Department of Energy

Laura Diaz Anadon

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University Lecturer (tenured assistant professor) in Public Policy, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge

Abstract:

New evidence on public energy R&D policy design and the importance of private sector interaction

The design of public energy R&D investment portfolios, funding mechanisms, and performing organizations to meet societal challenges is receiving well-deserved attention at the national and international levels. The combination of recent research, made possible by the integration of disparate disciplines and the availability of new more comprehensive types of data, and of insights from the study of technological innovation is beginning to provide more evidence to support the design of such policies. This presentation will summarize findings on integrated R&D portfolio analysis, some of the outcomes associated with different types of energy R&D partners and partnerships, and public R&D organizations.

Chad Evans

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Executive Vice President, Council on Competitiveness

Abstract:

Leveraging the Innovation Ecosystem for a Clean Energy Transformation:
The Role of Public-Private Partnerships

Recognizing a unique opportunity in history to transform the energy landscape, the United States and other nations are increasing investment and leveraging their innovation ecosystems to develop and deploy clean energy technologies and ways to increase energy efficiency. Public-private partnerships play a central role in these advancements, through a range of evolving models of collaboration in R&D, demonstration, deployment and manufacturing, with government, industry and academia playing distinctive roles. For more than a decade, the Council on Competitiveness—a U.S. leadership organization of corporate CEOs, university presidents, labor leaders and national laboratory directors—has defined the nexus between energy and competitiveness, articulated the business case for clean energy innovation and energy efficiency, convened national dialogues on how to accelerate energy innovation and encouraged new partnership models for energy transformation. These efforts have contributed significantly to shaping national and state government clean energy agenda, and sparked action in the private sector.

Discussion

1. International R&D cooperation between developed countries

  • The pro and cons to the international R&D cooperation in the field of innovative technologies
  • Toward a more effective and efficient cooperation, in which phase of R&Ds should we work together?

2. Private sector involvement in public R&Ds

  • Desirable public R&D funding programs from the private investor’s point of view.
  • Effective contribution/involvement of private investors for commercialization.
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