Advanced liquid biofuels

Topic Background

Replacing fossil fuel with carbon-neutral nature of biofuel will drastically reduce emissions once such an alternative is offered at a competitive price. Number of challenges are ahead of us, including supply stability, preventing competition with food supply, and avoiding distrubance to ecosystem and biodiversity. We also need to keep in mind that the technology needs to be assessed by life-cycle point of view. Emission in the production and distribution need to be carbon efficient as well.

Where we are heading

The first-generation biofuel made from sugar cane has to compete with food supply, we need to develop new conversion technologies for utilizing cellulosic ethanol and BTL (biomass to liquid), which are inedible, as the second-generation biofuel. Micro algae is considered as the third-generation biofuel.
As alternatives to gasoline, a promising candidate is ethanol and butanol from glass and tree-based biomass. As alternatives to diesel oil and jet fuel, BTL and fuel derived from micro algae as the third generation are in R&D.

Comments and Discussion

Biofuels (Reviews and Prospects of ICEF 2017 Concurrent Sessions)

  • Posted by James D. Kinder
  • December 13, 2017
  • Senior Technical Fellow, Boeing Commercial Airplanes

In the last ten years there have been major developments to produce a “drop-in” fuel for aviation from bio-derived sources. Fuel has been developed from a variety of feedstocks and conversion technologies. The wide variety of feedstocks that have currently been used to produce fuels have come from bio-oils, sugars, biomass, and waste gases with more feedstocks being explored. There h...

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30 percent of Avinor’s aviation fuel could be sustainable by 2030

  • Posted by ICEF
  • September 15, 2017
  • ICEF Secretariat Reports/Opinions Team

A new report from Rambøll, international engineering company, shows that 30% or 400 million liters of all aviation fuel used at Avinor's airports could be sustainable by 2030. This fuel would be created from forestry waste and pulpwood from Norwegian forests. The main objectives of the report were to look at access to sustainable fuel and new, certified production technologies and to evalua...

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SkyNRG, Fly Green Fund and Swedavia enable sustainable aviation fuel flights from Gothenburg Landvetter Airport

  • Posted by ICEF
  • July 21, 2017
  • ICEF Secretariat Reports/Opinions Team

The Fly Green Fund is a Nordic initiative which aggregates funding to bridge the premium of bio jet fuels. Under the Fly Green Fund scheme, Swedavia, the largest Swedish airport operator, received its first volume of sustainable aviation fuel for 2017 at Gothenburg Airport. With this delivery, Swedavia takes a next step in reducing its entire business travel footprint from flying through its partn...

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PNNL and LanzaTech reach milestone for producing biofuels from CO derived alcohols

  • Posted by ICEF
  • August 29, 2016
  • ICEF Secretariat Reports/Opinions Team

PNNL and industry-partner LanzaTech are working together to convert alcohols derived from captured carbon monoxide(CO), a by-product in the production of steel, into synthetic paraffinic kerosene, a non-fossil-based jet fuel. The team achieved a milestone, producing 5 gallons of jet fuel in the lab, which allows them to scale up the production and move to the next stage of testing. http://energye...

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Discussion on a Provocative Overall Strategy for Energy and Environment Worldwide

  • Posted by Claudio Nicolini
  • October 7, 2015
  • President, Fondazione ELBA Nicolini Nanoworld Institute Labs

  The Science,Technology and Society Forum just ended in Kyoto appears to confirm the critical stage of scientific and technological progress in Energy and Environment, uncapable to find solutions for effective carbon dioxide reduction and for new energy sources really alternatives to nuclear fission, gas , oil and carbon still dominating the scene worldwide many years after the first Kyot...

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