Advanced liquid biofuels
Session background and objectives
・Under the perspectives by international bodies (e.g. IATA,IEA) and CO2 emission reduction goals by ICAO, Bio-jet fuels are highly expected as a measure to reduce GHG emission in aviation sector with large potential.
・On the other hand, innovations are necessary to develop and commercialize biojet fuels in each stage of RD&D. Biofuels production technology R&D is needed to scale-up the technology to produce large volumes of fuel at a competitive price. Supply chain development is necessary for final delivery of strictly certified biojet fuels.
・With such background, this session will introduce the global trends of innovations in R&D and supply chain development of biojet fuels.
James D. Kinder[Chair]
Senior Technical Fellow, Boeing Commercial Airplanes
Regional Director, North America and Asia Pacific Environmental Strategy, Boeing Commercial Airplanes
Boeing is committed to taking action to protect the environment and support long-term sustainable growth for commercial aviation. As part of this commitment, Boeing leads global industry efforts commercialize sustainable aviation fuel. This helps reduce aviation’s reliance on petroleum fuel and supports our industry and customers to achieve environmental goals.
Boeing leads and partners on six continents to research, develop and commercialize new sources of aviation fuel. To encourage production, Boeing is collaborating with airlines, governments, NGOs, and private entities to stimulate biofuel through policy and R&D in the United States, Japan, Canada, China, Europe, and South Africa.
Deputy Director, Bioenergy Technologies Office, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy
The aviation industry faces significant challenges to maintain growth while enhancing environmental sustainability. Biojet fuels present an opportunity to support a transition away from fossil fuels towards sustainably produced aviation fuel.
The Federal Alternative Jet Fuels Research and Development Strategy outlines the federal government’s plans to lower the cost of biojet fuels through coordinated efforts by nine federal agencies, including the Department of Energy. The strategy covers all aspects of the development path from feedstocks to conversion technologies to scale-up and fuel testing. DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office is working specifically, through research and development in the areas of feedstocks and fuel conversion and scale-up.
Head of Supply & Operations, SkyNRG
Until recently, biojet has been mainly produced and delivered into-wing as specific batches, via segregated supply chains. To move biojet to a commercial-scale product, avoiding segregated downstream supply chains and fully integrating biojet into conventional jet-infrastructure and airports’ regular operations, which happens already at some airports, is a key element of reducing cost without compromising safety or performance. Building self-sustaining regional supply chains where local feedstock, a commercial scale plant and long-term offtake partners are brought together “Direct Supply Lines”, is another relevant move in biojet supply chain development. SkyNRG works on both developments at various locations.
Project Manager, New Energy Technology Department, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO)
Manager, Corporate Business Development Division, IHI Corporation
What is the key issue to tackle to alternative fuel? How can we overcome the obstacle?
Under the expectation to alternative fuel, IHI has engaged in the development of bio fuel from microalgae. Microalgae is one of the feedstock that has potential for producing oil in high productivity. We approach to the open pond cultivation with photosynthesis. We could possibly produce fuel sustainably by converting energy of sunlight. Lower cost and lower energy production processes are inevitable for the industrialization. In the session, the achievement so far in feedstock production and in downstream process and challenges ahead will be discussed.
General Manager, Boiler Technology Development Department, Boiler Technology Integration Division, Engineering Headquarters, Mitsubisi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
In Japan, biofuel is considered as one of important national subjects to be developed for long range viewpoints to 2050 and it is identified that biojet fuel should be ready for practical stage around 2030. In order to realize such target, NEDO raised the project for biojet fuel production and our team proposed ‘Development of Once-through Process of Biomass Gasification and FT Synthesis for Biojet Fuel’, and got the approval to proceed to design stage.
Dr. Yamauchi of MHPS presents outline of the project and subjects to be achieved.
General Manager, Biofuels Business Department, euglena Co., Ltd.
euglena Co., Ltd. is the first biotechnology venture company in the world that succeeded in outdoor mass-cultivation of microalgae, Euglena in 2005.
Aside from currently operating a successful healthcare business for marketing Euglena functional foods/cosmetics, we have been working on the development of biofuels derived from Euglena. We announced the “Made-in-Japan Biofuels Project” with City of Yokohama, Chiyoda Corporation , Itochu Enex, Isuzu Motors and All Nippon Airways in December 2015. The construction of the first Biofuels Demonstration Plant in Japan began on June 1st, 2017 and we aim to supply biodiesel/biojet fuel from the 1st half of 2019.
Group Leader, Chief Researcher, Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE)
Emerging Technologies for Biojet Fuel Production in Japan.
On 2016, ICAO set a goal to keep the global CO2 emissions from international aviation from 2020 at the same level, which is estimated to be less than 800 million tons. Considering that CO2 emissions from international aviation is expected to reach 1.8 billion tons in 2050, the existing biojet fuels that can substitute for at most 50% of the fossil fuel consumptions are inadequate to achieve the goal. Here, I will introduce our developing technology which can produce all essential hydrocarbons for jet fuel including aromatic compounds. This technology will make it possible to produce 100% biojet fuel.