Funding and Cooperation for Innovation


Technology Transfer

Session background and objectives

Technology transfer is becoming an increasingly important issue in tackling climate change. In this session, an in-depth discussion on climate technology transfer will be held. Topics include both overarching issues such as state of play in international negotiations after COP21, as well as specific issues such as case studies of technology transfer.


Ismail Serageldin [chair]

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Director, Library of Alexandria

Kazuhiko Hombu

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Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo


Technology transfer (TT) is a key tool in tackling climate issues, both by mitigation and by adaptation actions in developing countries. Under the Paris Agreement (PA), TT changes from single way (north-south) to multi-ways (incl. south-south), and more importance is put on collaborative R&D.; Parties also recognize the necessity of linkages between the Technology Mechanism (TM) and the Financial Mechanism of the Convention. The CTCN of the TM, that is the implementing body for assisting TT under the PA, has several problems in fully conducting its role. I would like to introduce several examples of technology assistance by the CTCN and possible ways discussing that solve the issues and achieve real TT on the ground.

Pradeep Monga

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Special Representative of the Director General and Director of Energy, UNIDO


Transfer of Climate Technologies to Developing Countries: Current State of Affairs

Transfer of climate technologies from industrialized countries significantly contributes to assisting developing countries in harnessing their potential for supporting economic diversification, enhancing productivity and competitiveness, and creating jobs through inclusive and sustainable industrial development. UNIDO fosters development and transfer of climate technologies in partnership with multiple stakeholders. The UNIDO-Japan joint initiative: Low Carbon Low Emission Clean Energy Technology Transfer programme (LCET) is an exemplary partnership that facilitates transfer of climate technologies from Japan to Africa. Two pilot projects on ultra-low head micro-hydropower were implemented in Kenya and Ethiopia, and training exercises were undertaken to build local capacity for operations and maintenance.

Jan Dusek

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Business Development Manager, shecco Japan


Case Study of Climate Technology Transfer: Natural refrigerants in developing countries

Majority of refrigeration and air-conditioning technologies depend on refrigerants. Synthetic refrigerants known as CFC, HCFC and HFC have been responsible for ozone layer depletion and contribute to global warming. Natural refrigerants such as ammonia, CO2 and hydrocarbons do not deplete the ozone layer and make a negligible or zero contribution to global warming, They are economically viable, safe and energy-efficient choice in a growing number of applications. We now have an opportunity to introduce natural refrigerant-based technologies to developing countries to help reduce growing emissions of HFCs and leapfrog from ubiquitous R22 (HCFC). Case studies of natural refrigerants introduced to developing countries will be presented.


1. Expectations on future technology transfer policy

  • How can current institutions, Climate Technology Centre and Network and Technology Executive Committee, facilitate technology transfer in a most efficient manner?
  • How can technology mechanism and financial mechanism best cooperate?

2. Technology transfer on the ground

  • What are the actual obstacles faced by stakeholders of technology transfer projects?
  • How can international institutions help?
  • Can innovative financial schemes be applied throughout the world?

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